|A comparative study of Hematological profile of Cupping (Hijamah) versus venous blood|
The Unani system of Medicine - one of the ancient systems is now gaining popularity. This system includes three basic methods of treatments; these are Regimenal therapy, diet-o-therapy and pharmacotherapy. Regimenal therapy includes Hijamah (dry & wet cupping), massage, venesection, leeching and cauterization. “Hijamah” has originated from the Arabic word “Hajm” meaning “sucking”. It is of two types, Hijamah-bila-shurt (dry cupping) and Hijamah-bi's-shurt (wet cupping). In the Wet cupping blood is sucked after applying cups to specific areas of the body. The cupping therapy has also been used in Chinese System of Medicine as a preventive, promotive, curative and restorative therapy. Hence this therapy needs a more convincing scientific base. Thus the aim of this study was to compare hematological profile of cupping blood with venous blood.
Method: Hematological investigations were done on 40 blood samples taken from normal, healthy individuals (20 paired samples of Hijamah blood and venous blood of each subject). Consent form was filled and permission was taken from the ethics committee.
Result: Data was collected according to prestructured questionnaire and statistical analysis was done using SPSS software. Analysis of the data showed significant differences in many of the hematological factors between the cupping blood and venous blood.
Conclusion: As per the result we can allege that Hijamah is not just a simple mechanical technique of withdrawing blood, but is a comprehensive, curative Regimenal therapy.
Keywords: Unani System of Medicine, hematological profile, Hijamah blood, venous blood.